The next reformation: 500 years too late? (4)
For example, the food energy-dependent pheromone-controlled weekend resurrection of the bacterial flagellum can be compared to the energy-dependent weekend Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
But wait…. You can’t read the article for free unless you subscribe to the journal or have access through an academic institution. See the instructions at: Cereb Cortex. When you see the movie Light Unshackled, I hope you will understand why pay-walled articles remind me of the money-making sale of “indulgences.”
Academic publishing companies now largely control what research results you are most likely to read about, just as the Catholic Church controlled what you were able to read about before the Holy Bible became available to nearly anyone who could read — after the Reformation.
Thankfully, the next reformation is already underway. As it happened before, some people simply became disgusted with those who prevented the dissemination of accurate information. Thankfully, The pirate site plans to ignore the lawsuits from Elsevier and the American Chemical Society.
A 2016 investigation by Science revealed that between September 2015 and February 2016, Sci-Hub received 28 million download requests from all around the world.
That number should increase as more people link the restricted flow of information from the first Reformation to the restrictions that followed the 1925 Scopes trial. Teaching evolution led organized antagonists and atheists to prevent the teaching of facts about energy as information and the creation of all biodiversity via the physiology of reproduction.
The problem for intelligent students has become overwhelming. At the most recent meeting of the American Society for Human Genetics, these ridiculous claims were presented as if they were based on experimentally established facts.
Modern humans lost DNA when they left Africa—but mating with Neandertals brought some back
See for comparison: A Civic Biology: Presented in Problems (New York, 1914):For examples: pp. 193-196, 253-254, 261-263.
The following passages were taken from the biology textbook used by John Scopes, the teachings of which fueled so much controversy in the 1925 �Scopes Trial� in Dayton, Tennessee.� Prosecuting attorney William Jennings Bryan was greatly concerned about the implications of these passages, which he viewed as the troublesome result of accepting Darwin�s theories and applying them to human society.� After reading the actual textbook, does this change your conception of the issues involved in the Scopes Trial?
Excerpted from George William Hunter, A Civic Biology: Presented in Problems (New York, 1914): pp. 193-196, 253-254, 261-263.
Evolution of Man. – Undoubtedly there once lived upon the earth races of men who were much lower in their mental organization than the present inhabitants. If we follow the early history of man upon the earth, we find that at first he must have been little better than one of the lower animals. He was a nomad, wandering from place to place, feeding upon whatever living things he could kill with his hands. Gradually he must have learned to use weapons, and thus kill his prey, first using rough stone implements for this purpose. As man became more civilized, implements of bronze and of iron were used. About this time the subjugation and domestication of animals began to take place. Man then began to cultivate the fields, and to have a fixed place of abode other than a cave. The beginnings of civilization were long ago, but even to-day the earth is not entirely civilized.
The Races of Man. – At the present time there exist upon the earth five races or varieties of man, each very different from the other in instincts, social customs, and, to an extent, in structure. These are the Ethiopian or negro type, originating in Africa; the Malay or brown race, from the islands of the Pacific; the American Indian; the Mongolian or yellow race, including the natives of China, Japan, and the Eskimos; and finally, the highest race type of all, the Caucasians, represented by the civilized white inhabitants of Europe and America�.
Charles Darwin and Natural Selection. – The great Englishman Charles Darwin was one of the first scientists to realize how this great force of heredity applied to the development or evolution of plants and animals. He knew that although animals and plants were like their ancestors, they also tended to vary. In nature, the variations which best fitted a plant or animal for life in its own environment were the ones which were handed down because those having variations which were not fitted for life in that particular environment would die. Thus nature seized upon favorable variations and after a time, as the descendants of each of these individuals also tended to vary, a new species of plant or animal, fitted for the place it had to live in, would be gradually evolved�.
Artificial Selection. – Darwin reasoned that if nature seized upon favorable variants, then man by selecting the variants he wanted could form new varieties of plants or animals much more quickly than nature. And so to-day plant or animal breeders select the forms having the characters they wish to perpetuate and breed them together. This method used by plant and animal breeders is known as selection�.
Improvement of Man. – If the stock of domesticated animals can be improved, it is not unfair to ask if the health and vigor of the future generations of men and women on the earth might be improved by applying to them the laws of selection. This improvement of the future race has a number of factors in which as individuals may play a part. These are personal hygiene, selection of healthy mates, and the betterment of the environment�.
Eugenics. – When people marry there are certain things that the individual as well as the race should demand. The most important of these is freedom from germ diseases which might be handed down to the offspring. Tuberculosis, syphilis, that dread disease which cripples and kills hundreds of thousands of innocent children, epilepsy, and feeble-mindedness are handicaps which it is not only unfair but criminal to hand down to posterity. The science of being well born is called eugenics.
The Jukes. – Studies have been made on a number of different families in this country, in which mental and moral defects were present in one or both of the original parents. The “Jukes” family is a notorious example. The first mother is known as “Margaret, the mother of criminals.” In seventy-five years the progeny of the original generation has cost the state of New York over a million and a quarter dollars, besides giving over to the care of prisons and asylums considerably over a hundred feeble-minded, alcoholic, immoral, or criminal persons. Another case recently studied is the “Kallikak” family. This family has been traced back to the War of the Revolution, when a young soldier named Martin Kallikak seduced a feeble-minded girl. She had a feeble-minded son from whom there have been to the present time 480 descendants. Of these 33 were sexually immoral, 24 confirmed drunkards, 3 epileptics, and 143 feeble-minded. The man who started this terrible line of immorality and feeble-mindedness later married a normal Quaker girl. From this couple a line of 496 descendants have come, with no cases of feeble-mindedness. The evidence and the moral speak for themselves!
Parasitism and its Cost to Society. – Hundreds of families such as those described above exist to-day, spreading disease, immorality, and crime to all parts of this country. The cost to society of such families is very severe. Just as certain animals or plants become parasitic on other plants or animals, these families have become parasitic on society. They not only do harm to others by corrupting, stealing, or spreading disease, but they are actually protected and cared for by the state out of public money. Largely for them the poorhouse and the asylum exist. They take from society, but they give nothing in return. They are true parasites.
The Remedy. – If such people were lower animals, we would probably kill them off to prevent them from spreading. Humanity will not allow this, but we do have the remedy of separating the sexes in asylums or other places and in various ways preventing intermarriage and the possibilities of perpetuating such a low and degenerate race. Remedies of this sort have been tried successfully in Europe and are now meeting with success in this country.
When a friend and I visited the Scopes Museum on October 20, 2017, the textbook was still on display and opened to pages 195-196. See:
If you could turn the page, you would see the continuation of the claim about the “Evolution of Man” from the bottom of page 196:
If we follow the early history of man upon the earth…
to the top of page 197:
…we find that at first he must have been little better than one of the lower animals.
All serious scientists know that that claim has never been supported by experimental evidence of biologically-based cause and effect. Even the 2004 Templeton Prize winner, George F.R. Ellis commented on that fact in the context of my model.
See the comments on: Understanding and accounting for relational context is critical for social neuroscience
This is absolutely correct and forms part of the larger concept that top-down causation is a key factor not just in the way the brain works but in broader contexts in biology and even physics. This is explored here: https://rsfs.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/2/1.toc 25 Apr 2014 at 07:49am
See for comparison: Navigation system of brain cells decoded
“… signal transmission needs energy,” Weth says. Actually, nature is striving for disorder.” Establishing order consumes energy. This is something we know. Nothing in biology is more ordered than the hardwiring of our brain…”
The availability of energy from food and the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction establishe the order that is exemplified in the experience-dependent hardwiring of our brain. The virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA links mutations to all pathology during the brain development that begins with epigenetic effects in embryos.
Epigenetic Modulation of Stem Cells in Neurodevelopment: The Role of Methylation and Acetylation
See also for comparison: